A VACCINE HAS BEEN DEVELOPED THAT NEUTRALIZES CORONAVIRUS IN HUMAN CELLS
Studies are continuing around the world for the vaccine to be used against coronavirus, which is still not being treated. Human testing of some of the vaccines developed has been started and their results are now expected.
The news of the development of a Coronavirus vaccine also came from Italy today after several drugmakers announced they had begun human testing of the vaccine. Luigi Aurisicchio, CEO of Italian drugmaker Takis, announced that they are developing a vaccine that can neutralize the coronavirus in human cells.
What was the process of developing a Coronavirus vaccine in Italy?
Animal tests of the vaccine, developed by scientists at Takis, were carried out at the Spallanzani Institute. In animal tests performed, the vaccine was first injected into mice. After injecting the vaccine, it was observed that antibodies developed in the mice's body that prevented the virus from infecting cells. The researchers selected 2 vaccine candidates for the next phase, which yielded the best results from the 5 vaccines they tested.
The scientists, who managed to isolate the antibodies that formed later in the blood of mice, analyzed these antibodies in the virology laboratory of the Spallanzani Institute. The analysis found that the antibodies would also prevent the coronavirus from infecting the human cell.
Animal tests will be followed by immune time tests
Once the vaccine builds antibodies in mice, it will now be tested for how long the immunity lasts. After immunisation tests, human testing of the vaccine will begin. However, it is currently unclear how long that period will be.
The vaccine, developed by scientists working at Takis, marks the most advanced stage in the study of vaccine development against coronavirus in Italy. He therefore called for support from the government, as well as support from international institutions and companies to speed up the process.
News of the development of a Coronavirus vaccine in Italy expresses an important hope for the fight against coronavirus. However, it is important to remember that more than a year is needed for mass production of the vaccine.
Mass production of coronavirus vaccines may begin after one to one-and-a-half years
Experts say that even if the vaccines, which start human testing after animal testing, are successful in human testing, mass production will take between one and a half years. Jon Andrus, a professor of global vaccine and vaccine policy at George Washington University's Mycenaean Institute of Public Health, said an ordinary vaccine usually needs between 5 and 15 years to be introduced.
We don't know how long the amount of time Jon Andrus has put forward will apply to vaccines developed against coronavirus, which has affected the whole world and causes the deaths of thousands of people every day. But it stands on the sidelines as a fact voiced by the whole world that vaccines are needed to stop the virus definitively.